Medical Neuroscience requires answers
to many questions?
The world of Scientific Medicine is constantly
changing evolving and re-evaluating past medical history -
and so it should.
Not least amongst these changes is the is
the desire to understand the Brain, yet no matter how many
endorsements an institutional body awards a study group...
...it appears there are always more questions than
answers or is it more answers than there are questions.
I agree in principle, are you not calling the pot black as
it appears to be you making the smoke - if you do not
introduce the topic for discussion?
explorations in Theoretical Neuroscience.
this doctrine really still as you have described ? NO
this is so; during a recent online discussion there were
some 14.6k Views and up votes in response to a posting from
a PhD student in neuroscience and machine learning - who
specialised in Neuroreceptor Brain imaging and Computational
are you saying despite having many commendations this
Neuroscientists still have as many questions as answers to
this interesting and much required topic?
it appears the Scientists has some Thirty-Seven awards.
surely must be recognised as extremely impressive?
course - but what does it really say about the Peer
Reviewers of the Phd Papers - if the list of unanswered
questions is somewhat as long.
can the Peer reviews have any significant bearing on a
research papers as important as this.
after extensive research and Thirty Seven published Phd
Value papers there are still many answers without questions
and questions without answers - it would seem reasonable to
consider, either there was something wrong with the papers;
the reviewer, or perhaps more importantly the Process - as
it appear to me there is the aged - and the sole reason why
this situation prevails; Suppression or "we do not do it
that way Do we." in action.
we then explore the possibility of us answering the
most certainly - should be most interesting exercise.
do you feel are the biggest unanswered questions in
neuroscience? And are you
aware how many there are?
appears for the moment there are some.
Ten questions without answers.
does the Brain generate consciousness? How does it work
the Brain is no more than a lump of Meat - it has to be
considered for memory there are
no "mechanical," workings in the Brain.
Moreover, there is no such thing
as Consciousness - if we
are to use such a term as consciousness; it is best seen as
a mirror the Subconscious Mind uses to reflect difficult as
well as simple to store information -
in order to make sense of it.
Thus conscious is but a reflection of the
collective of ALL worldly information, stored in the
Intangible Mind as a result of Chemical and electrical
activity throughout the entire body.
That uses the Brain as an exchange portal for
the chemical and electrical activity to instruct any and all
are memories stored, represented and retrieved?
us to function in life it is imperative we have recall of
all life's events - even if we feel we cannot remember much
of our early life - our Subconscious Mind not only can, but
uses them for every aspect of our life - no exceptions.
Memories are stored using a
unique spatial awareness system which locates us in our
space and our time - rather like multiple cameras and sound
symptoms at every point of our compass.
Thus our memories are stored in
pictures form and it is by this process we are able to
recall at an instant - instigated by a chemical process
faster than the speed of light.
does short-term memory work?
has to be considered short-term memory does not exist -
other than in the Brains of Medical Science, unable to make
sense of so-called biological symptoms.
One could explain it using a simple cup of tea;
surely, no one would put the tea bag in one's mouth and then
the water straight from the boiling kettle - would one!
Thus, the Cup is a
safe way of tipping hot water down our throat - change cup
for Short-term memory and all is revealed, as the Short-term
memory is no more than an exchange mechanism from outside
the Body to inside the Mind.
does the cortical microcircuit work? Moreover; what does it
It is still unclear what precisely is meant by the
term, as it does not correspond to any single structure
within the cortex.
It has been impossible to find a canonical
microcircuit that corresponds to the cortical column and no
genetic mechanism has been deciphered that designates how to
construct a column.
However, the columnar organization "hypothesis"
(guesswork) is currently the most widely adopted to explain
the cortical processing of information.
A cortical column, also called hypercolumn,
macrocolumn or sometimes-cortical module, is a group of
neurons in the cortex of the Brain that can be successively
penetrated by a probe inserted perpendicularly to the
cortical surface and which have nearly identical receptive
Neurons within a minicolumn - microcolumn, encode
similar features, whereas a hypercolumn "denotes a unit
containing a full set of values for any given set of
receptive field parameters."
A cortical module is defined as either synonymous
with a hypercolumn or as a tissue block of multiple
me about it - surely there is more?
we adopt an historical approach to the understanding of this
then we can see it is no more
than guesswork - a more up
to date view is it is still
guesswork but aided by computer analysis of data.
Thereby of no value in understanding illness
whatsoever and with the mechanical probing into the Brain to
cure Psychiatric symptoms, is just
practicing something to see if it works.
Just like aged Electrical Convulsive Therapy in
the early 1900's has never in real terms been shown to be an
effective treatment as so often either a medication is
required or the Patient develops other equally serious
is complex structured behaviour learned?
Humans, we only have one function - often hidden by our life
achievements, to pursue pleasure and avoid displeasure at
Therefore in order to function in line with our
peers; we MUST remember and react to all the stored
information - Therefore Life is like an inverted pyramid of
We start with One brick and Two add Three add
All of the time building up our lifestyle
In addition ALL illness no exceptions is no
more that the pursuit of pleasure and avoiding the true
traumatic cause avoiding displeasure at all cost - all of
this activity is so much of a mystery to Medical Science
there can only be one explanation - "Complex Learned
is "fed back" in the extensive cortical feedback pathways?
took me a second to make sense of this question, clearly the
answer is; information is delivered to the Mind via The Eyes
and Ears (negative causes illness) in order for the Mind to
makes sense of this, it mirrors the information (often in
the way of Daydreaming or Night Dreaming/Nightmares) onto
the so called Conscious Mind or Short-Term memory where a
filtering takes place or one might say layering of the same
information and re stored in the subconscious Mind with an
ability to remember or not - both are the same.
This information now acts to protect the person (for
life) and is activated on a daily bases by Chemical and
Electrical Activity throughout the entire body.
does interactive - sensorimotor, learning build a model of
appears this is an attempt to make sense of and provide a
therapeutic intervention to previously difficult to make
sense of or manage psychiatric and often body symptoms -
thus of no real value as the Mind will always show; just who
is in control with such Scientific Interfering, with its
thought process which at creation are perfectly stored and
not a problem.
is human language represented in the Brain?
our entire body chemistry and the resulting electrical
activity human/animal language is laid down in the
intangible Mind as Pictures or in Neuroscience computing
binary language of 0 and 1's - thus; place a child from
Birth and one spoken language region speak only in another
language and the Child will grow up having learned the
seemingly foreign language.
is the role and function of cortical oscillations - gamma,
beta, alpha and theta?
only values these have is for Medical Science with little or
no understanding of how the Mind relates to the Body via its
memories and chemistry-electrical activity - is to
regurgitate as new scientifically proven findings.
is the structure of the neural code?
we have to use such words - lack of knowledge by decades of
Scientific endeavours and attempt to equate this activity
with mathematical analysis.
am able to see there are at least Eleven questions here?
Moreover, it appears this one to be the most important?
problems be "solved." In 2015? by 2030? or even 2050?"
if anything is the value of Computer Analysis in
understanding illness data and creating cures?
Data Analysis have No value whatsoever. it has taken us some
three hours to answer these questions, all of the answers
are readily available within the Scientific Papers - of
course we must recognise the answers may well not please the
Medical Fraternity as after all of the studies with no
answers at all there has to be a very good scientific reason
for this - perhaps to add to
the 100,000 illness still waiting a definitive cause and
Whilst it must be recognised;
the framework for this paper is in the public domain and
credit given to the authors;
Peter Smith Talking Cures
asserts the right to be recognised as author and
Intellectual ©Copyright holder of his contribution to this
document Dated 6th December 2014.
Thus this document is free to
use as an education or Patient led assistance in its